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Last revised 31 August 2017
Books on consciousness

A list of books relating to the hard problem of consciousness. Regularly updated cos I keep finding new stuff all the time.

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David Park
The Fire within the Eye: A Historical Essay on the Nature and Meaning of Light
(Princeton 1997)

Scientist and author David Park helps us reconceive the everyday phenomenon of light in profound ways, from spiritual meanings embedded in our culture to the challenging questions put forth by great scientists and philosophers. The book spans ancient Greek, Neoplatonic, and Arabic philosophy together with astrology, the metaphysics of Galileo and Kepler, and the role of mathematics and experimentation in modern physics. By creatively synthesizing a broad sweep of historical events and intellectual movements around the theme of light, Park offers us a unique perspective on Western civilization itself. See Princeton | Amazon | Google

Michael Tooley
Time, Tense, and Causation
(Oxford 1997)

Traditional ‘tensed’ accounts of time hold that time has a direction and that its flow is part of nature. ‘Tenseless’ accounts hold that past, present and future are subjective features of experience rather than objective features of events. Tooley offers an intermediate approach. Agreeing that the universe is dynamic and that past and present are real while future is not, Tooley nevertheless rejects the existence of irreducible tensed facts. He accounts for time in terms of its relation to causation, arguing that the direction of time is based upon the direction of causation and that the key to understanding the dynamic nature of the universe is to understand the nature of causation. See Oxford | Amazon | Google

Robert Pasnau
Theories of Cognition in the Later Middle Ages
(Cambridge 1997)

A major contribution to the history of philosophy in the later medieval period. Many of the issues that dominate philosophy of mind and epistemology today were hotly debated in the later medieval period. Pasnau offers a careful analysis of these debates, primarily through the work of Thomas Aquinas, John Olivi, and William Ockham. Each of these figures attempts to reconceptualise cognition along direct realist lines, criticising in the process the standard Aristotelian account. See Cambridge | Amazon | Google

T. K. Johansen
Aristotle on the Sense-Organs
(Cambridge 1997)

A detailed study of Aristotle’s theory of the sense organs. It looks at all five sense organs and shows how Aristotle’s views about them follow from his views about their function in perception. The book also shows how Aristotle’s explanation of why we have sense organs is fundamentally different from that of modern science. See Cambridge | Amazon | Google

Wilfrid Sellars
Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind
(Harvard 1997)

First published in 1956, this essay by Sellars helped bring about a sea change in analytic philosophy. It broke the link which had bound Russell and Ayer to Locke and Hume – the doctrine of “knowledge by acquaintance.” Sellars’ attack on the Myth of the Given was decisive in turning analytic philosophy away from the foundationalist motives of the logical empiricists. (Introduction by Richard Rorty and study guide by Robert Brandom.) See Harvard | Google

Jonathan Shear (ed.)
Explaining Consciousness: The Hard Problem
(MIT 1997)

At the 1994 landmark conference, ‘Toward a Scientific Basis for Consciousness,’ David Chalmers distinguished between the “easy” problems and the “hard” problem of consciousness. The former are to explain cognitive functions like discrimination, integration, and the control of behavior; the latter is to explain why these functions should be associated with phenomenal experience. In this book, researchers from all disciplines address this central topic. See MIT | Google

Kathleen V. Wider
The Bodily Nature of Consciousness: Sartre and Contemporary Philosophy of Mind
(Cornell 1997)

Wider discusses Sartre’s analysis of consciousness in Being and Nothingness in light of recent work by analytic philosophers, psychologists, and neuroscientists. She brings together phenomenological and scientific understandings of the nature of consciousness and argues that the two approaches can strengthen and suppport each other. See Cornell | Google

Qassim Cassam
Self and World
(Oxford 1997)

Cassam challenges the widespread view that we cannot be introspectively aware of ourselves as objects in the world. He argues that the self is not systematically elusive from the perspective of self-consciousness, and that consciousness of our thoughts and experiences requires a sense of our thinking, experiencing selves as shaped, located, and solid physical objects in a world of such objects. Awareness of oneself as a physical object involves forms of bodily self-awareness whose importance has seldom been properly acknowledged in philosophical accounts of the self and self-awareness. See Oxford | Google | Amazon

John Searle
The Mystery of Consciousness
(New York Review Books 1997)

In what began as a series of essays in The New York Review of Books, Searle evaluates the positions on consciousness of such well-known scientists and philosophers as Francis Crick, Gerald Edelman, Roger Penrose, Daniel Dennett, David Chalmers and Israel Rosenfield. He challenges claims that the mind works like a computer, and that brain functions can be reproduced by computer programs. See NYRB | Google | Amazon

Alex Byrne & David Hilbert (eds.)
Readings on Color, Volume 1: The Philosophy of Color
(MIT 1997)

In two anthologies, Byrne and Hilbert survey important recent philosophical and scientific writings on color. The introduction to volume 1 provides a philosophical background and links the philosophical issues to the empirical work covered in volume 2. The bibliography in volume 1 is an extensive resource for those doing philosophical work on color. See MIT Press | Google | Amazon

Alex Byrne & David Hilbert (eds.)
Readings on Color, Volume 2: The Science of Color
(MIT 1997)

The scientific selections in volume 2 present work in color science that is relevant to philosophical thinking about color; the material is comprehensive and sophisticated enough to be useful to the scientific reader. The introduction to volume 2 is an overview of color science; the volume also contains suggestions for further reading. See MIT Press | Google | Amazon

Lawrence Weiskrantz
Consciousness Lost and Found
(Oxford 1997)

What can be learned about consciousness from people who have suffered brain damage such as amnesia which affects their awareness? Lawrence Weiskrantz, a distinguished neuropsychologist who has worked with such patients over 30 years, provides a unique perspective on one of the most challenging issues in science today. See Oxford | Google | Amazon

Bernard J. Baars
In the Theater of Consciousness
(Oxford 1997)

Combining psychology with brain science, Baars brilliantly brings his subject to life with a metaphor that has been used to understand consciousness since the time of Aristotle – the mind as theater. Here consciousness is seen as a “stage” on which our sensations, perceptions, thoughts, and feelings play to a vast, silent audience (the immensely complicated inner-workings of the brain's unconscious processes). See Oxford | Google | Amazon

Stephen Everson
Aristotle on Perception
(Oxford 1997)

Everson presents a comprehensive new study of Aristotle’s account of perception and related mental capacities. Recent debate about Aristotle’s theory of mind has focused on this account, which is Aristotle’s most sustained and detailed attempt to describe and explain the behavior of living things. Everson places this account in the context of Arisotle’s natural science as a whole, showing how Aristotle applies the explanatory tools he developed in other works to the study of perceptual cognition. See Oxford | Amazon | Google

Block, Flanagan, Güzeldere (eds.)
The Nature of Consciousness: Philosophical Debates
(MIT 1997)

A substantial introduction to the field, imposing structure on a vast and complicated literature, with sections covering stream of consciousness, theoretical issues, consciousness and representation, the function of consciousness, subjectivity and the explanatory gap, the knowledge argument, qualia, and monitoring conceptions of consciousness. Of the 49 contributions, 18 are either new or have been adapted from a previous publication. See MIT | Google